John Tyler was the tenth. The son of a Virginia governor, Tyler had already been a member of the House of Delegates and the before being elected to Congress in 1816. After serving as governor of Virginia, the assembly elected him to the . A slaveholder and , he supported and limited government. He broke with Andrew Jackson early in the 1830s over what he viewed as an alarming increase in federal power. Tyler joined the and won the in 1840 on a ticket with William Henry Harrison. Following Harrison’s death in April 1841, Tyler became the first vice president to assume office after the death of the chief executive. His support of states’ rights clashed with his party’s prevailing belief in a stronger government, nearly causing the collapse of his administration. Tyler found some success in foreign affairs, but he left the White House in 1845 unpopular and expelled from the Whig Party. As the secession crisis intensified early in 1861, Tyler presided over the ill-fated Peace Conference to head off armed conflict. He served as a delegate to the that addressed the state’s response to the crisis, ultimately voting for secession in April 1861. The following November Tyler won election to the , but died before his term began.