Author: Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee

PRIMARY DOCUMENT

“Danville Leaders Indicted; Demonstrations to Continue” (June 8, 1963)

In this press release, the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) sought to publicize the use of state-sanctioned violence and questionable legal stratagems to repress the protest movement against segregation in Danville. The press release refers to Danville Corporation Court Judge Archibald M. Aiken’s decision to invoke an 1859 statute that was written in response to John Brown’s raid on Harper’s Ferry to indict three leaders of the movement on charges of “inspiring to incite the colored population of the State to acts of violence and war against the white population.” Aiken’s legal tactics would be criticized by the U.S. Department of Justice, but appeals did not produce results soon enough to help the Danville activists.

PRIMARY DOCUMENT

“Hoses Used on Danville Negroes” (June 11, 1963)

In this press release, the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) sought to publicize the use of state-sanctioned violence to repress peaceful protests against segregation in Danville. The city was the site of fervent protests through the early summer of 1963, with the SNCC, the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, and the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People all sending leaders to help organize and raise awareness. The legal resistance and violence deployed by white authorities like Danville Corporation Court Judge Archibald M. Aiken against protesters was ultimately successful in blocking gains for African Americans in the city.

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