William Nelson Pendleton was an Episcopal priest and chief of artillery for theduring the (1861–1865). No Confederate officer in the East generated less heat on the battlefield and more away from it than Pendleton. As ‘s chief of artillery, he was responsible for hundreds of guns and thousands of cannoneers, but he never fully utilized the potential of the army’s “long arm” in battlefield to merit his high standing. Pendleton’s efforts usually resulted in controversy, the most scandalous occurring when he abandoned his command at the on September 19, 1862. Yet Pendleton did make a few important contributions in reorganizing the artillery into the more efficient and effective battalion system that enabled battery commanders to maximize their limited firepower. Pendleton was also a man of the cloth and his attention to the spiritual needs of the rank-and-file must have endeared him to the pious Lee.