Author: Louisa Alexander

PRIMARY DOCUMENT

Letter from Louisa Alexander to Archer Alexander (November 16, 1863)

In this letter, written by Louisa Alexander to her husband Archer Alexander on November 16, 1863, Louisa explains that her enslaver James Naylor, also known as Jim, refused her request to sell her to Archer. Louisa and Archer were separated when their enslavers James and Nancy Alexander died, and they were rented out for the benefit of the Alexander orphans. After Archer was emancipated on September 24, 1864, he worked to be reunited with his wife. After Naylor rejected Archer’s offer to purchase Louisa, Archer paid a farmer $20 to smuggle Louisa and their youngest two children in a wagon to St. Louis, where they lived safely until Missouri abolished slavery on January 11, 1865.