The following document, likely compiled on August 1, 1566, lists the members of a military and religious expedition to present-day Virginia, along with their parents’ names and residences. Two Dominican friars, three officials, and fifteen soldiers, in the company of a baptized Virginia Indian called, were to sail on La Trinidad to Bahía Santa María, or the present-day Chesapeake Bay, and there establish a colony and convert the Indians. Storms forced them to Spain, instead. This document was written in the hand of Diego de Carmago, the expedition’s secretary. The records of the expedition are stored at Archivo General de Indias in Seville, Spain (Patronato Real 257, No. 3, R. 4). This English translation, by L. A. Vigneras, was originally published in the North Carolina Historical Review and is reprinted by permission.