Alfred Caldwell was the mayor of Wheeling, a member of the Senate of Virginia (1857–1861), and aleader who denounced slavery before and during the (1861–1865). Born in Ohio and educated in Pennsylvania, he settled in Wheeling and practiced law there. Caldwell was an outspoken antislavery activist who supported Abraham Lincoln during the . After a term in the Senate of Virginia, he served as U.S. consul to the kingdom of Hawaii. He was suspended in 1867 for mishandling finances. He died the next year in Wheeling.