MEDIA
Detail from the Herrman Map of Virginia and Maryland showing a compass rose, Native Americans, and a nautical instrument
Original Author: Augustine Herrman, cartographer; Henry Faithorne, engraver
Created: Published 1673

Detail from the Herrman Map of Virginia and Maryland

A section of Augustine Herrman's engraved map of Virginia and Maryland, published in 1673, includes a compass rose (at left), which indicates the orientation of the map; an image of a two-tiered stand that presents the title of the map (at center) guarded by the figures of two Indigenous Americans; and a nautical instrument (at right) that specifies the scale of the map based on English leagues and English miles. The compass rose shown here points to the right, which means that the right side of the entire four-sheet map is north.