Author: Paul Jennings


A Colored Man’s Reminiscences of James Madison by Paul Jennings (1865)

In A Colored Man’s Reminiscences of James Madison, published as a magazine article in 1863 and in book form two years later, Paul Jennings relates his experiences as the fourth president‘s enslaved footman in the White House. The White House Historical Association has described it as “the first memoir about the White House by one who had lived there.” The preface is written by John Brooks Russell, who helped the literate Jennings write it and submit it for publication to the Historical Magazine and Notes and Queries Concerning the Antiquities, History and Biography of America.

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