Author: James Wooten


“Indians Balk at a Role in Bicentennial” (January 31, 1975)

This article, published in the New York Times on January 31, 1975, describes the meeting of several Native American tribal leaders with John W. Warner, administrator of the American Revolution Bicentennial Administration (ARBA). The U. S. Congress chartered ARBA to plan the commemoration of the American Revolution’s bicentennial. This meeting came in the wake of Indigenous activism across the country like the Trail of Broken Treaties, the Siege at Wounded Knee, and the American Indian Bicentennial Conference of 150 representatives of 30 tribes, most of them from the Great Plains and western United States, in January 1973. This conference produced a report with resolutions on how the bicentennial commemoration could meet the needs and interests of Native Americans. This report was sent to President Nixon and the predecessor to ARBA, the American Revolution Bicentennial Commission. In August 1975, Warner established the Racial, Ethnic, and Native American Advisory committee to ensure Native American involvement in the bicentennial commemoration.