Author: Council of Maryland


“Denization of Herman” (January 28, 1661)

This record of the Council of Maryland’s proceedings, dated January 1661, shows that Augustine Herrman was given letters of denization, which formally provided the foreign-born trader and ambassador with trading and property rights. At this time, the Council advised the proprietary governor of Maryland. He was given access to the resources and protections of the colonial government in exchange for drafting a map of the area between the Delaware River and Virginia to solidify Maryland’s borders and claims to the region. As part of this bargain, Maryland’s government went on to offer Herrman permission to purchase a tract of 4,000 acres from the Susquehannock Indians, whose land it was. This became his plantation named Bohemia Manor.