Author: Carter G. Woodson


“Chapter XII, The Smaller States Which Endured” (1936)

In this chapter from the African Background Outlined or Handbook for the Study of the Negro, published in 1936 and written by Carter G. Woodson, he sketches the history, politics, and culture of various African “tribes.” He covers a huge swath of time, from the 1400s to the present. He was explicitly writing against scholarship on the African continent that presented it in opposition to the United States and Europe as a means to prove the inferiority of Africans and African Americans. He was also trying to shed light on a history of African Americans that predated their forced migration as enslaved people to the United States.


“The Beginnings of the Miscegenation of the Whites and Blacks” (October 1918)

In this article for the Journal of Negro History, Carter G. Woodson, who is known as “the Father of Black history,” explores the history of interracial sex in the United States in comparison to other places in the world. He discusses several Virginia laws restricting interracial sex and marriage. Woodson founded the Journal of Negro History and was one of the first scholars to argue that Black people have a history worthy of study.