Created: Late nineteenth to early twentieth century
Medium: Newpaper masthead
Masthead of the Richmond Planet
The Richmond Planet, an African American weekly newspaper in Richmond, adopted this masthead under the editorship of John Mitchell Jr. Mitchell served as editor of the newspaper from 1884 until his death in 1929, and he used the newspaper to promote civil rights, racial justice, and racial pride. A black flexed bicep is at the center of the design, and shock waves radiate from a clenched fist.