Confederate general Robert E. Lee sits astride his horse while surveying a Confederate encampment
Original Author: Francis Simkins, Sidman Poole, and Spotswood Hunnicutt, text
Created: 1957
Medium: Illustrated book page

Heroic Depiction of Confederate General Robert E. Lee

Sitting erect on horseback while surveying a Confederate encampment, General Robert E. Lee appears as a noble figure. The accompanying text confirms that characterization, saying that even Lee's horse Traveller "stepped proudly as if he knew that he carried a great general." This glowing depiction of Lee was part of the Lost Cause theme intentionally embedded into the public school textbooks created in the 1950s under the aegis of the Virginia History and Textbook Commission. The page shown here is from the state-sanctioned seventh-grade textbook.

Citation: Virginia: History, Government, Geography. F226 .S5 1957. Special Collections, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA