George F. “Thunder Cloud” Custalow
Original Author: Frank Gouldsmith Speck, photographer
Created: 1918
Medium: 1 negative

George F. “Thunder Cloud” Custalow

George F. “Thunder Cloud” Custalow, the chief of the Mattaponi Tribe from 1914 to 1949, sits in a suit and bowtie in this 1918 outdoor photographic portrait. A politically active chief, Custalow had worked to ensure that tribal members were recognized as “non-citizen Indians” during the World War I Selective Service Draft and that tribal members would be exempt from state and local taxation. This photograph was taken by ethnologist Frank G. Speck.