People enslaved by Ambrose Madison, James Madison's grandfather, begin clearing the land for a plantation that will be known as Mount Pleasant and, later, Montpelier.
James Madison Sr. comes of age and takes charge of Mount Pleasant.
James Madison Sr. instructs enslaved laborers to construct a two-story brick mansion on his property.
James Madison sells an enslaved person named Billy Gardner, who had accompanied him to Philadelphia and may have tried to self-emancipate, rather than return him to Virginia.
James Madison Sr. dies and James Madison inherits Montpelier and its enslaved population.
- Chambers, Douglas B. Murder at Montpelier: Igbo Africans in Virginia. Jackson: University Press of Mississippi, 2009.
- Jennings, Paul. A Colored Man’s Reminiscences of James Madison. Cornell University Library Digital Collections, 1865.
- Taylor, Elizabeth Dowling. A Slave in the White House: Paul Jennings and the Madisons. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012.
- APA Citation:
- Scruggs, Hannah. Protected: The Enslaved Community at Montpelier. (2021, October 06). In Encyclopedia Virginia. https://encyclopediavirginia.org/entries/the-enslaved-community-at-montpelier.
- MLA Citation:
- Scruggs, Hannah. "Protected: The Enslaved Community at Montpelier" Encyclopedia Virginia. Virginia Humanities, (06 Oct. 2021). Web. 26 Oct. 2021