Helen Timmons Henderson (1877–1925)


Helen Timmons Henderson, from the town of Council in Buchanan County, served in the Virginia House of Delegates (1924–1925), one of the first two women elected to that body (the other was Norfolk‘s Sarah Lee Fain). She died before having the opportunity to run for a second term.

A native of Cass County, Missouri, Henderson attended Carson-Newman College in Jefferson City, Tennessee, where she trained to be a teacher. When she moved with her husband to Buchanan County, in southwest Virginia, she was dismayed by the limited educational opportunities available in the area and was instrumental in founding the Baptist Mountain School, which opened in 1911. Because of her commitment to education and the leadership qualities she displayed as the school’s assistant principal, a group of local Democratic Party men invited her to run for the county’s assembly seat in 1923. “I’m not in the Legislature for publicity,” she explained that November. “It’s simply a question of public service with me, and a duty I owe to the people back in those counties which have elected me.”

The first woman ever to be nominated, Henderson proved to be a tireless campaigner and a talented public speaker. She won the election by more than 400 votes, the Richmond Times-Dispatch reported, despite “strenuous opposition from some independent Democrats, Republicans, and wets.” (In the terminology of the day, “wets” referred to people who opposed Prohibition.)

First Women Elected to the General Assembly

In the Virginia General Assembly of 1924, Henderson became an advocate for better schools and roads in southwestern Virginia. She was the first woman to preside over the House and served on four important committees: Roads and Internal Navigation; Counties, Cities, and Towns; Moral and Social Welfare; and Executive Expenditures. “She took a vigorous and important part in each of the committees,” according to her Richmond Times-Dispatch obituary, “and on the floor was one of the most respected and influential members of the House.”

Henderson died, however, in the summer of 1925, before she could stand for reelection. The flags at the capitol in Richmond were lowered to half-staff in her honor by order of Virginia governor E. Lee Trinkle, and a House resolution praised her “many virtues, clear vision and noble aspirations.”

A few years later her daughter Helen Ruth Henderson (1898–1982) ran for and won the seat her mother had held. Born in Tennessee and educated at Virginia Intermont College and Westhampton College, she began her teaching career in a one-room schoolhouse. She earned a PhD from Columbia University (writing her dissertation on the challenges facing educators in Buchanan County) and became head of the school her mother had founded. The younger Henderson was one of four women to serve in the General Assembly in the 1928 session.

Helen Timmons Henderson is born in Cass County, Missouri.
Helen Timmons Henderson plays a lead role in opening the Baptist Mountain School.
Helen Timmons Henderson serves as assistant principal at Baptist Mountain School.
Helen Timmons Henderson becomes the first woman nominated for a seat in the General Assembly.
November 1923
Helen Timmons Henderson becomes one of the first female Virginia legislators after winning her election by more than four hundred votes.
January 1924
Helen Timmons Henderson serves in the General Assembly as an advocate for better schools and roads in southwestern Virginia.
Helen Timmons Henderson dies.
Governor E. Lee Trinkle orders flags flown at half-mast upon the death of Helen Timmons Henderson.
Helen Timmons Henderson's daughter, Helen Ruth Henderson, follows in her mother's footsteps by winning election to the General Assembly.
  • Richmond Times-Dispatch, “Delegates Meet for First Time. Two Women Legislators Hold Conference in Norfolk on Way Here. Husbands at Home. Mrs. Fain and Mrs. Henderson Develop Comradeship at First Sight,” January 9, 1924.
  • Richmond Times-Dispatch, “First Woman Delegate Has No Time for Pride,” November 14, 1923.
  • Richmond News Leader, “Funeral Rites of Mrs. Henderson,” July 13, 1925.
  • Norfolk Virginian-Pilot, “Legislative Debutantes—First Women Elected to General Assembly Guests at Reception,” January 9, 1924.
  • Richmond Times-Dispatch, “Mrs. Helen Timmons Henderson, First Woman Member in House of Delegates, Dies at Knoxville,” July 13, 1925.
  • Sutherland, Elihu Jasper. Some Sandy Basin Characters. 1962.
APA Citation:
McDaid, Jennifer. Helen Timmons Henderson (1877–1925). (2020, December 07). In Encyclopedia Virginia. https://encyclopediavirginia.org/entries/henderson-helen-timmons-1877-1925.
MLA Citation:
McDaid, Jennifer. "Helen Timmons Henderson (1877–1925)" Encyclopedia Virginia. Virginia Humanities, (07 Dec. 2020). Web. 19 Jul. 2024
Last updated: 2021, December 22
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