In “An Englishman’s Visit to Capt. R. E. Lee,” published in the June 1915 issue of the Confederate Veteran, Gerald Smythe, a Confederate enthusiast, recounts time he spent with Robert E. Lee Jr. in 1909.
In this article, dated August 9, 1864, the New York Evening Express reprinted an account of Draper’s raid and reported atrocities from the Richmond Enquirer. It is likely the Express, which had Confederate sympathies, exaggerated what had happened.
In “Gabriel’s Defeat,” published in the Atlantic Monthly in September 1862, the abolitionist minister Thomas Wentworth Higginson relates a history of Gabriel’s Conspiracy (1800) drawn mostly from newspaper accounts. Writing in the midst of the American Civil War (1861–1865), he places the planned insurrection in the context of Nat Turner’s Rebellion (1831) and John Brown’s raid on Harpers Ferry (1859).
In this essay, published in the Richmond Examiner on April 18, 1864, Basil L. Gildersleeve warns against the dangers of race-mixing. Gildersleeve was a professor of Greek and Hebrew at the University of Virginia from 1856 until 1873, and penned sixty-three editorials for the Richmond paper between October 1863 and August 1864.