Spanish commanders in the foreground plan a defense of Cadiz as a hundred English ships adavance upon the port city
Credit: Wikimedia
Original Author: Francisco de Zurbarán
Created: Between 1634 and 1635
Medium: Oil on canvas

The Defence of Cadiz Against the English

An English fleet of one hundred ships and ten thousand men under the command of Sir Henry Cecil, later 1st Viscount Wimbledon, attacks Cadiz, a port city in southwestern Spain on November 1, 1625. The Spanish commanders in charge of defending the city are depicted in the foreground; they were led by the gout-ridden don Fernando Girón y Ponce de León, seated here in a chair. The English successfully landed, but by November 8, they were forced to retreat and left behind several thousand dead.

This painting by Francisco de Zurbarán currently hangs in the Museo Nacional del Prado in Lisbon.