Author: Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax

PRIMARY DOCUMENT

Land Grant to Peter Hollow (October 8, 1766)

In this October 8, 1766, land grant to Peter Haller (misspelled as “Hollow”), Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax gives him ownership of 372 acres of the Northern Neck Proprietary, which consisted of over 5.2 million acres, located between the Rappahannock and Potomac rivers, and stretching into what is now West Virginia. In a proprietary colony of the British Empire, all the land belonged to the monarch, who distributed it via commercial charters to individuals and companies. Known as proprietors, they acted on behalf of the monarch, dividing up the proprietary land to willing buyers, among them Peter Haller. Haller’s land became the site for the community of Lantz Mill. This propriety system did not recognize the sovereign rights of Virginia Indians and their ancestral lands.