The Battle of Old Men and Young Boys, sometimes known as the First Battle of Petersburg, was fought on June 9, 1864, on the outskirts ofduring the (1861–1865). While Union general-in-chief and the were north of the , facing the north of the Confederate capital at , Union general devised a plan to take the important transportation hub of Petersburg. He sent a force of infantry and cavalry, commanded by Quincy A. Gillmore, to attack the lightly defended city on June 9, but Gillmore’s infantry was turned away from the east. To the south, his cavalry was met by a small battalion of Virginia reserves—old men and young boys, mostly—who beat back the Union troopers for a couple of hours until reinforcements arrived. In the end, the expedition was a failure and added to Grant’s concerns about Butler’s competence in the field. The raid also alerted the Confederates to Petersburg’s vulnerability, and thus when Union troops reappeared outside the Cockade City six days later, they faced substantial resistance.