A Declaration of the state of the Colonie and Affaires in Virginia. With a Relation of the barbarous Massacre in the time of peace and League, treacherously executed upon the English Infidels, 22 March last … (1622), written by Edward Waterhouse, was the‘s about an assault by on the English plantations along the James River that took place on March 22, 1622. The company’s secretary, Waterhouse collected information from eyewitnesses and Virginia’s governing officials and concluded that the surprise attack, which killed more than a quarter of the ‘s population, was executed with the purpose of their “utter extirpation.” Waterhouse describes a time, just prior to the attack, of “firme peace and amitie,” when Indians and colonists freely mingled. He notes that the Indians used this to their advantage, insinuating themselves into the homes of colonists, using the colonists’ own tools to “basely and barbarously” kill them, and then disappearing into the woods. Outraged that most Indians, and in particular their leader , had not accepted Christianity, Waterhouse declares that the attack justified a policy whereby the English “destroy them who sought to destroy us.” The attack, and the company’s response to it, marks a point at which colonists, no longer dependent on the Indians economically, began in earnest to kill them and seize their land.