Tsenacomoco, otherwise known as the Powhatan paramount chiefdom, was a political alliance ofVirginia Indians that occupied the area first settled by the English at . The origins of Tsenacomoco date to the (AD 900–1650). By 1607, twenty-eight to thirty-two groups, each with its own chief, paid tribute to , the paramount chief of Tsenacomoco. With boundaries that stretched from the James River to the Potomac and west to the fall line, Tsenacomoco had a population of around 15,000 people. The name of the paramount chiefdom was first reported by the early English settler and, while some scholars disagree, it may be translated to mean “densely inhabited place.” Living in riverside , the of Tsenacomoco cleared land for farming and used the forests for hunting. The wide, slow-moving rivers, meanwhile, provided means for travel, trade, and war. After the English arrived in 1607, Powhatan attempted to subsume them into Tsenacomoco, and, when that failed, he fought them in the (1609–1614), which ended only with the marriage of his daughter to . A successor to Powhatan, , fought two more wars, both of them unsuccessful. With Opechancanough’s death in 1646 came the end of Tsenacomoco.