Author: Gordon Granger


“General Order No. 3” (June 19, 1865)

In this proclamation, issued June 19, 1865 by Union general Gordon Granger, he informs the people of Galveston, Texas, that those who had been enslaved were now free. The order was read by Union troops at several locations throughout the city and published in newspapers throughout the state. The day the proclamation was issued is now celebrated as Juneteenth, marking the end of legal slavery.  Enslaved people in Virginia learned they were free before this because news of the Confederate defeat traveled slowly and unevenly.