Archibald W. Campbell was a journalist, abolitionist, andleader. Born in Ohio, he grew up in western Virginia and studied law in New York, where he met the abolitionist and future secretary of state William H. Seward. Campbell followed Seward into the Republican Party and in 1856 purchased the Wheeling Daily Intelligencer, making it the most influential Virginia newspaper outside Richmond. During the (1861–1865) Campbell helped lead the movement for the but fell out with many Republican Party leaders after the war. He never sought public office and died in 1899.