Author: Antonio de Abalia


Letter from Antonio de Abalia to the Council of Indies (October 23, 1566)

In this letter to the Council of Indies in Seville, Spain, dated October 23, 1566, at Cádiz, Spain, Antonio de Abalia reports the arrival of the Spanish ship La Trinidad. The ship carried two Dominican friars, fifteen soldiers, and the baptized Virginia Indian Don Luís, part of an expedition instructed to establish a mission in the area of the present-day Chesapeake Bay; storms forced them to return to Spain. The records of the expedition are stored at Archivo de Indias in Seville, Spain (Indiferente General 2004, folio 420). This English translation, by L. A. Vigneras, was originally published in the North Carolina Historical Review and is reprinted by permission.