Author: Abraham Lincoln


“Order Relieving General G. B. McClellan and Making Other Changes” by Abraham Lincoln (1862)

In this order issued on November 5, 1862, one day after the congressional mid-term elections, U.S. president Abraham Lincoln relieved Union general George B. McClellan, a potential political rival, of command of the Army of the Potomac. Lincoln believed that McClellan should have pursued the Confederates more aggressively after his victory at the Battle of Antietam on September 17. Lincoln replaced McClellan with Ambrose E. Burnside, and Fitz-John Porter—who would soon be court-martialed for his actions at the Second Battle of Manassas—with Joseph Hooker.


"The Perpetuation of Our Political Institutions" by Abraham Lincoln (January 27, 1838)

In what came to be known as the Lyceum Address, delivered at the Young Men's Lyceum in Springfield, Illinois, on January 27, 1838, Abraham Lincoln, then a member of the Illinois House of Representatives, bemoans what he calls the "mobocratic spirit" running rampant in the United States. In particular, he criticizes the lynching of gamblers in Vicksburg, Mississippi, and a free black man in Saint Louis. The date for the speech given in this edition of Lincoln’s writings is off by one year.