Carrie Buck's Baby
Original Author: Arthur H. Estabrook
Created: November 1924
Medium: Printed photograph

Carrie Buck’s Baby

Alice Dobbs, foster mother of Carrie Buck, holds Buck's infant daughter, Vivian Alice Elaine Buck. This photograph was taken in November 1924 by Arthur H. Estabrook, a eugenics researcher who interviewed Buck and her foster mother and examined the infant several days before he gave testimony in a legal case that resulted in Carrie Buck's forced sterilization. Of the infant he testified, "I gave the child the regular mental test for a child of the age of six months, and judging from her reaction to the tests I gave her, I decided she was below the average."