This map shows the formation of new counties out of already existing ones between 1691 and 1700. A burgeoning population and a resurgence of the tobacco trade created new growth in Virginia. In 1691, Norfolk County was carved out of Princess Anne County, and King and Queen County was created from part of New Kent County's territory. The following year Rappahannock County was replaced with two separate counties—Essex and Richmond. This map was published in the 2003 edition of the book Atlas of County Boundary Changes in Virginia 1634–1895 (1987) by Michael F. Doran.