Original Author: Francis Simkins, Sidman Poole, and Spotswood Hunnicutt, text
Created: 1957
Medium: Illustrated book pages

“Lee Surrenders”

This illustration from the state-sanctioned seventh grade textbook Virginia: History, Government, Geography (1957) depicts Confederate soldiers—most of whom appear to be young boys—running headlong into overwhelming artillery fire. This image opens the chapter on Confederate general Robert E. Lee's surrender to federal forces. The accompanying text describes the Southern homefront during the war as being especially harsh on women and children, but credits the enslaved (referred to here as "Negroes," the nomenclature used in the 1950s) for largely remaining loyal to their masters:

Some of the Negro servants left the plantations because they heard that President Lincoln was going to set them free. But most of the Negroes stayed on the plantations and went on with their work. Some of them risked their lives to protect the white people they loved.

Citation: Virginia: History, Government, Geography. F226 .S5 1957. Special Collections, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA