Guinea Coin
Original Author: Royal African Company
Created: 1685
Medium: Gold coin

Guinea Coin

This is a twenty-two-carat-gold guinea coin minted in 1685 from gold mined by the Royal African Company in the region of West Africa known as Guinea. The obverse, or front, of the coin bears the likeness of King James II surrounded by a Latin motto that translates as "James the Second, by the Grace of God." Beneath the king's head is an image of an elephant with a castle atop its back—the elephant being a symbol of the Royal African Company, which briefly enjoyed a monopoly on English trade in West Africa. The reverse side of the coin shows the king's royal coat of arms surrounded by the Latin motto, "King of Great Britain, France, and Ireland."

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