Pope's Retreat at Second Manassas
The Union army retreats through Centreville, Virginia, after suffering defeat at the Second Battle of Manassas in this drawing by Edwin Forbes, a special artist for Frank Leslie's Illustrated Newspaper. Troops under the command of General John Pope march along the road while their corps flag flutters on the hilltop.
Confederate cavalry chieftain J. E. B. Stuart had contributed to the Confederate victory, and burnished his own reputation, during the Second Manassas Campaign. In a daring raid, Stuart broke into General Pope's headquarters. Besides capturing key documents that allowed General Robert E. Lee to plan the subsequent campaign, Stuart also made off with Pope's dress uniform. (He did this in retaliation for an earlier Union raid that had netted Stuart's famed plumed hat and cloak.)