Possibly Carter escaped to the North during the Civil War, but he was living in Chesterfield County in February 1866, when he was taxed 28 cents as a male Negro over age twenty-one. He next appears in the public record in December of that year when he purchased two lots in the community of Swansboro, near Manchester, from William H. Brander, a wealthy farmer who may have been Carter's former owner. Carter probably practiced his trade as a shoemaker until 1868 or 1869, when he and a partner opened a grocery under the name of Smith and Carter. The store stood on a lot in Manchester that Carter bought in April 1868 for $425, most likely with the money he earned as a delegate to the state constitutional convention.
The day after the convention closed, Carter attended a Radical meeting at the State Capitol to discuss appointments to state offices and nominations for Congress. Carter does not appear to have taken part in any further political activities, however, and he did not seek office in the elections held in July 1869. Carter had married a woman named Alice, surname unknown, by January 7, 1869, when he sold his two lots in Swansboro and mortgaged his lot in Manchester for $115. It is not known whether Carter and his wife had been married before or after emancipation or whether they had any children, because no marriage or births were ever recorded under their names in Chesterfield County. Carter died at his home in Manchester early in the morning of January 11, 1870, and was buried from the African Baptist church (later First Baptist Church, South Richmond) in that town.
ca. 1816 - Around this year, James B. Carter was born. He was born into slavery, probably in Chesterfield County.
October 22, 1867 - African Americans in the district consisting of Chesterfield and Powhatan Counties turn out in large numbers in their first opportunity to vote in a Virginia election.
1868 or 1869 - Around this time, James B. Carter and a partner open a grocery store under the name Smith and Carter in Manchester.
January 7, 1869 - By this date, James B. Carter has married a woman named Alice.
January 11, 1870 - James B. Carter dies at his home in Manchester.
Cite This Entry
- APA Citation:
Julienne, M. E., & the Dictionary of Virginia Biography. James B. Carter (ca. 1816–1870). (2013, December 9). In Encyclopedia Virginia. Retrieved from http://www.EncyclopediaVirginia.org/Carter_James_B_ca_1816-1870.
- MLA Citation:
Julienne, Marianne E. and the Dictionary of Virginia Biography. "James B. Carter (ca. 1816–1870)." Encyclopedia Virginia. Virginia Foundation for the Humanities, 9 Dec. 2013. Web. READ_DATE.
First published: April 15, 2013 | Last modified: December 9, 2013